人物简介

<p> <span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">在并不很远的过去,天花这种可怕的疾病每年都要夺去几千人的生命。直到1980年,人类才宣布在全世界范围内消灭了天花。而正是由于200多年前英国乡村医生琴纳进了一次大胆的试验,这种奇迹才会出现。</span><font color="#ff6600" size="2" style="font-family: 宋体; text-align: justify;">(内容摘自于《科学大师》)</font></p> <style type="text/css"> @font-face { font-family: 宋体; } @font-face { font-family: @宋体; } @page {mso-page-border-surround-header: no; mso-page-border-surround-footer: no; } @page Section1 {size: 595.3pt 841.9pt; margin: 72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin: 42.55pt; mso-footer-margin: 49.6pt; mso-paper-source: 0; layout-grid: 15.6pt; } P.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } LI.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.Section1 { page: Section1 }</style>

人物大事记

<p> 1749&nbsp;5月17日生于英格兰西南格洛斯特郡伯克利<br /> 1761&nbsp;跟随外科医生勒德洛学医<br /> 1770&nbsp;成为外科医生亨特的学生<br /> 1771&nbsp;协助班克斯爵土准备和安置动植物标本<br /> 1773&nbsp;返回伯克利,成为一名成功的医生<br /> 1775&nbsp;第一次对牛痘进行研究<br /> 1788&nbsp;和金斯科特结婚。天花在格洛斯特郡流行<br /> 1792&nbsp;圣安德鲁斯大学授予他医学博士学位<br /> 1796&nbsp;5月14日,用从牛痘的脓疱中提取物质对菲普斯进行接种.7月让菲普斯接触天花,没有感</p> <p> 染<br /> 1798&nbsp;第二次试验结果证明成功,琴纳发表他的发现,第一个创造vaccination(接种疫苗,种痘)这</p> <p> 个词<br /> 1802&nbsp;英国国会给琴纳大量的赠款,支持他的研究<br /> 1803&nbsp;皇家琴纳学会成立。18个月内,共有12000个伦敦居民接受种痘<br /> 1807&nbsp;皇家医学院发表报告赞成种痘,琴纳获得的赠款增加,巴伐利亚(现为德国的个州)实施义</p> <p> 务种痘<br /> 1808&nbsp;皇家琴纳学会解散<br /> 1813&nbsp;牛津大学授予琴纳名誉医学博士学位<br /> 1822&nbsp;出版关于接种疫苗的最后著作<br /> 1823&nbsp;1月26日,因中风而去世</p> <style type="text/css"> st1:* { BEHAVIOR: url(#ieooui) } @font-face { font-family: 宋体; } @font-face { font-family: @宋体; } @page {mso-page-border-surround-header: no; mso-page-border-surround-footer: no; } @page Section1 {size: 595.3pt 841.9pt; margin: 72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin: 42.55pt; mso-footer-margin: 49.6pt; mso-paper-source: 0; layout-grid: 15.6pt; } P.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } LI.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.Section1 { page: Section1 }</style>

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