人物简介

<p> <span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">阿尔伯特</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">-</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">爱因斯坦是继英国数学家、物理学家和天文学家牛顿(</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">1642-1727</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">)以后最伟大的科学家,也是</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">20</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">世纪最著名的科学家。爱因斯坦开始在专利局工作。</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">1905</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">后发表狭义相对论,</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">1915</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">年发表广义相对论,使物理学发生革命性的变化。在</span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">40</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: 宋体;">年的时间里,爱因斯坦的理论在研制原子弹和核反应方面得到了应用。<font color="#ff6600" size="2">(内容摘自于《科学大师》)</font></span></p>

人物大事记

1879&nbsp;3月14日,出生于德国乌尔姆<br /> 1896&nbsp;放弃德国国籍<br /> 1896-1900&nbsp;在苏黎世工业大学学习<br /> 1901&nbsp;获得瑞士国籍<br /> 1902&nbsp;开始在瑞士伯尔尼专利局工作<br /> 1903&nbsp;和同学米列娃-玛里奇结婚<br /> 1905&nbsp;发表狭义相对论<br /> 1909&nbsp;任苏黎世大学助理教授<br /> 1911&nbsp;任布拉格大学物理学教授<br /> 1914-1933&nbsp;在伯林任威廉研究所理论物理部主任<br /> 1915&nbsp;发表广义相对论<br /> 1919&nbsp;和米列娃离婚,和表妹埃尔莎结婚<br /> 1933&nbsp;离开德国前往美国,在新泽西普林斯顿大学高级研究所工作<br /> 1940&nbsp;加入美国籍<br /> 1955&nbsp;4月18日在新泽西普林斯顿去世 <style type="text/css"> @font-face { font-family: 宋体; } @font-face { font-family: @宋体; } @page {mso-page-border-surround-header: no; mso-page-border-surround-footer: no; } @page Section1 {size: 595.3pt 841.9pt; margin: 72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin: 42.55pt; mso-footer-margin: 49.6pt; mso-paper-source: 0; layout-grid: 15.6pt; } P.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } LI.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.Section1 { page: Section1 }</style> <style type="text/css"> st1:* { BEHAVIOR: url(#ieooui) } @font-face { font-family: 宋体; } @font-face { font-family: @宋体; } @page {mso-page-border-surround-header: no; mso-page-border-surround-footer: no; } @page Section1 {size: 595.3pt 841.9pt; margin: 72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin: 42.55pt; mso-footer-margin: 49.6pt; mso-paper-source: 0; layout-grid: 15.6pt; } P.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } LI.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.MsoNormal { TEXT-JUSTIFY: inter-ideograph; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; FONT-FAMILY: "Times New Roman"; TEXT-ALIGN: justify; mso-style-parent: ""; mso-pagination: none; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 宋体; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt } DIV.Section1 { page: Section1 }</style>

科学家与城市

伯尔尼(Bern) 编写者: 张 鳌
苏黎世 编写者: 王玉珏
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